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Fans for School Fume Cupboards

During school science experiments and demonstrations, it is commonplace to use fume cupboards. School fume cupboards are designed to capture and remove air-borne hazardous substances generated during laboratory experiments to reduce the risk of exposure to a safe level. These include harmful gases, vapours, aerosols and particulates. Fume cupboards prevent potentially dangerous vapours being released into the classroom in two main ways; through ducting or through filtered, recirculated air. Ducted fume cupboards draw air through the sash ope...


The Growth of EC

Historically, AC motors were used as the principal air driving force in HVAC applications running constantly at full power. The continuously increasing demand for a more energy efficient solution with a greater range of operation possibilities led to the development of the Electronically Commutated (EC) motor. Since its development in the 1960s, EC technology has steadily grown market share and replaced AC technology in many air movement applications. Due to the substantial energy efficiency improvement in motor technology that EC offers, it...


Influence of E-Wheel Efficient Impeller: Noise and Energy

With an ever growing focus on system efficiencies, manufacturers of industrial equipment must take into account individual components to ensure that these key influencing factors achieve the desired energy savings. Replacing inefficient components that are often overlooked in ventilation systems, can result in sizeable gains. A significant component in such systems is an efficient impeller. Noise Attenuation Driven by an increased market requirement concerning noise levels, the new E-series impeller design produces major reductions in operati...


Hospital Chemical Storage Ventilation

Hospitals require a number of potentially hazardous chemicals in day to day maintenance, cleaning, sterilisation, testing and operating applications. The health care sector represents one of the largest users of chemicals in the UK. The storage of these chemicals involves a number of considerations in terms of temperature, ignition control, ventilation and segregation. In this article, we focus on chemical storage ventilation. The ventilation of chemical storage areas is of paramount importance to ensure clean air and a safe environment for ...


The Importance of Shipping Warehouse Ventilation

According to energy advisors, warehouses spend on average 15% of their budget on energy bills every year. Mechanical ventilation can contribute to a high percentage of this spend. In this article, we explore the importance of effective warehouse ventilation. Like many hazards, poor ventilation poses a risk to employee health, machines and equipment as well as goods and products. To avoid negative impacts on businesses ventilation hazards must be eliminated. These include a reduction in productivity, a decreased yield, machines or equipment m...


Corrosive Fume Extraction in the Water Treatment Process

To provide water that is safe for human consumption, there are a number of processes that the water treatment industry use. Coagulation and flocculation are often the first steps in water treatment. Chemicals with a positive charge are added to the water. The positive charge of these chemicals neutralises the negative charge of dirt and other dissolved particles in the water. When this occurs, the particles bind with the chemicals and form larger particles, called floc. To separate the floc from the water, it is allowed to settle and fal...


Understanding the Peltier Effect

The Peltier Effect and Thermoelectric Units The Peltier effect, or Thermoelectric effect, is the name given to the occurrence of heat when an electric current passes across a junction between two conductors. Thermoelectric units are designed to exploit this phenomenon. They are small static heat pumps which operate according to the principles of the Peltier effect, discovered by the French physicist Jean-Charles Peltier more than a century ago. The basic principles of thermodynamics can be applied to these devices just as is done with tradi...


Fans for Spray Booth Extracts

Manufacturers of spray booths need to ensure that they have effective ventilation for two main reasons; to protect spray booth operators by extracting paint fumes and to ensure the best paint finish possible by removing excess particles of the paint spray. During the spray process, paint particles are released into the atmosphere through the spray nozzle which increases the release of potentially hazardous vapours and paint particles. Professional spray paints and lacquers often contain volatile organic compounds which are emitted as gases. ...


ATEX Fume Extraction for Landfill Organic Waste

Landfill gas is a natural byproduct of the decomposition of organic materials which are put into landfill. The gas is composed of roughly 50% methane (CH4) and 50% carbon dioxide (CO2) and a small amount of non-methane organic compounds. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas and is harmful to the environment. When organic waste is first deposited into landfill, it goes through the initial stages of decomposition where small amounts of methane are generated. As the conditions change during the subsequent stages of decomposition, an increase ...


A Sweet Outcome: Stainless Steel ATEX Fan Case Study

Axair were recently tasked with finding an air movement solution for a major producer of throat and cough sweets. The customer, with a site based in the centre of a rural town, employs more than 200 people and was established over 200 years ago. The Problem A review of the company’s manufacturing processes revealed that the method of producing throat lozenges, using a powered starch mold process, has the potential to cause an explosion. Starch powder, like many food based powders used in the food processing industry, has the potentia...